Abridged author guidelines and checklist (for more detailed instructions, refer to the Manuscript Style Guide, below):

  1. Manuscripts of between 4000-8000 words (double spaced, including tables, notes and references) should be prepared using the CRAWS Submission Template.
  2. Per the CRAWS Style Guide (below), two versions of the manuscript should be submitted: one identified and one de-identified to enable blind, peer review.
  3. Manuscripts should be accompanied by a signed CRAWS Author Declaration and CRAWS Manuscript Cover Page. All four documents (i.e. de/identified manuscripts, author declaration and cover page) should be emailed to the Journal Editors: crawsjournal@acrawsa.org.au
  4. If deemed appropriate by an initial editor review (i.e. in terms of adhering to the Manuscript Style Guide, Aims and Scope, and ethics), the manuscript will be assigned to selected reviewers for blind review.
  5. Upon completion of this process, reviewers will register their recommendation to the editors: accept with minor revisions, accept with major revisions, decline.
  6. If accepted for publication, the author(s) are asked to make necessary revisions and return their revised manuscript within an agreed timeframe.
  7. Once final revisions have occurred, the paper will pass through a copy-editing phase in conjunction with the author(s), in readiness for publication in the next available issue of CRAWS Journal.

Copyrights of all articles remain with the authors, and first publication rights with CRAWS Journal. Use and reproduction rights of any articles or abstracts on the CRAWS website are granted for individual, non-commercial, and educational purposes only, and should be properly cited for electronic materials.


CRAWS is a peer-reviewed publication. Articles between 4000-8000 words (double spaced) including tables, notes and references, are accepted for review. The Editors reserve the right to return papers to authors where they exceed this word limit. Submission of a manuscript to another journal while under review by CRAWS is unethical. Breach of this principle will result in the paper being removed from consideration for publication in the journal. Each manuscript must be accompanied by a signed author declaration form stating that the manuscript has not been published previously and that it has not and will not be sent for consideration by another journal while submitted to CRAWS Journal.

Prepare as follows:

  1. Manuscripts should be submitted electronically as an email attachment, using Microsoft Word (refer submission template link above).
  2. Manuscripts should be submitted with the name and affiliation of the author on a separate page (Cover Page) to preserve anonymity. On the Cover Page, please provide a brief (no more than 50-100 words) autobiographical note and ensure that a full mailing address and email address is included. As the journal uses a double-blind review process, please ensure any text or references within the manuscript are also anonymised (i.e. replaced with ‘REMOVED FOR PEER REVIEW’). Authors are asked to send two copies (one anonymised and one original) to the Editors. Please provide the word count on the separate Cover Page. Save each document with an abridged version of the article’s title as its name; i.e. if your article is titled, ‘Packing heat: Whiteness and the second amendment’, save your submissions thusly: Packing Heat_Deidentified manuscript, Packing Heat_Identified manuscript, Packing Heat_Cover Page.
  3. All manuscripts should be accompanied by an abstract, maximum 250 words, with 4-6 keywords describing your paper.
  4. Footnotes should be numbered serially and should be inserted at the bottom of the page (not the end of the article) and, where possible, kept to a minimum.
  5. If manuscripts include images/video, these should be included on a separate page at the end of the article. Insert a guideline, e.g. (Image 1 about here) at the appropriate place in the manuscript.
  6. If manuscripts include tables, each table should be typed on a separate page. Insert a guideline, e.g. (Table 1 about here) at the appropriate place in the manuscript. Complex tables can present problems in the conversion from one program to another. Please key tables into the text using one tab only between columns. Do not use spaces between columns. Do not worry about the alignment of columns, but indicate on the printout how the table should appear. Key in a return at the end of a line. Do not tab to wrap.
  7. The journal uses Australian-British English spelling for consistency, but as per the journal’s Language Policy, Editors recognise that as a global language, there is a diversity of spoken and written English. Our editorial policy is to try and respect this diversity of written English while ensuring clear effective communication to a broad audience – manuscripts should be internally consistent.

References in the text:

The journal uses APA Style referencing. All references to books, articles and other sources are to be identified at an appropriate point in the text by name of author, year of publication, and pagination (within parentheses). Footnotes are to be limited to substantive observations only. Do not include ‘ibid’, ‘loc cit’ or ‘op cit’ etc.

For example:
If the author’s name is in the text, follow it by the year of publication and a page reference. For example:

    As Frankenberg (1992, p. 65) has shown in her case study …

If the author’s name is not in the text, insert at an appropriate point surname, year of publication and page reference. For example:

    As a seminal study of the social construction of whiteness reveals (Frankenberg, 1992, p. 102) …

Note that pagination, author and year are separated by a comma.

2. Where two authors are involved, cite both surnames, for example: (Davis & Watson, 2006). Where more than two authors are involved, cite all surnames, for example: (Collins, Noble, Poynting & Tabar, 2000), then for subsequent references, the first surname followed by et al., for example: (Collins et al., 2000).

3. For institutional authorship, supply sufficient information for positive identification, for example:

    The aim of this working paper is to explore the future of multiculturalism in Australia (Australian Studies Centre, 2018).

Where abbreviation is possible, cite institutional authorship with full name, then abbreviate thereafter. For example: (Commonwealth of Australia [COA], 2000).

4. Separate multiple citations by semicolons, for example:

    Whiteness studies in Australia grew considerably in the early 2000s (Moreton-Robinson, 2004; Nicoll, 2004; Giannacopoulos, 2006).

5. For multiple publications by the same author, use commas to separate the year of publication. For example: (Stratton, 1998, 1999, 2011). Where there is more than one reference in an article to the same author and year, use letters (a, b, etc.) to distinguish them one from the other. For example: (Perera 2002a, 2002b, in press-c).

6. When quoting directly from a reference source use double-quotation marks, “like this.” Use single quotation marks for quoted material within a quotation, “for example, ‘like this’.” Single quotation marks may be used for words that are specialised or require emphasis.

7. For direct quotations that are 40 words, or longer, omit quotation marks and set the quotation off from the text in a block quote (as you would a paragraph). Starting with the beginning of the quote, indent 1 tab space to the left. For example,

    Block quotes should look like this but longer. (Author, year, p. 1)

Place the reference at the end of the block quotation, in brackets.

8. To cite a source located in another source (i.e. to secondary source), reference as follows,

    Allon’s theory of multiculturalism (as cited in Smith, 2000, p.10) …

Include the referenced source in your reference list, e.g. Smith, not Allon.

Reference list

References should be included at the end of the article under the sub-heading, “References”, and in alphabetical order. The second line of the reference should be indented using the tab key.

Reference edited books, books, institutional authored publications, journal articles, newspaper articles, online newspaper articles with no authors, online sources with no date, online newspaper articles, chapters in books, and websites as follows:

Author, O., Author, T., & Author, T. (Eds.). (2010). Title of Work. London: London Publishing.
Buttner, T. (1998). Writing Papers for Publication. Canberra: Canberra Press.
Commonwealth of Australia. (2000). The Australian Constitution. Canberra: Parliament Publishing.
Jones, M. (2001). What constitutes a block quote: tips from the field. Journal of Quoting, 12(2), 10-17.
Newspaper author. (2010, October 2). Title of article. Newspaper, pp. 2-3.
No author/ article title here. (2010, October 2). Retrieved from url.here.com
No date author/ website name here. (n.d.). Title/Page. Retrieved from url.here.com
Online newspaper author. (2010, October 2). Title of article. Newspaper. Retrieved from url.com.here
Smith, S. (2003). Speaking About Referencing Styles. In B. Barker (Ed.), The Handbook of Referencing (pp. 10-17). New York: Referencing Press.
Website. (2010, October 2). Title of Article/Page. Retrieved from url.here.com

Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!