The Future is non-Indigenous

This year I applied for a Future Fellowship through the Australian Research Council. The success rate is low, only a hundred are appointed nationwide against the many hundreds of researchers who apply and I was aware that my chances were slim.  ARC grants – one of the main sources of research funding from the Australian Government – have a far lower participation rate by Indigenous applicants, although there is a push to increase our participation across all schemes.  

The low participation of Indigenous applicants into all national competitive grant programs managed by the ARC was discussed at length at a roundtable the ARC held in 2018. It brought together senior Indigenous academics from across the country, charged with developing recommendations and strategies for the ARC to implement, with a reporting from this forum to the ARC for their consideration.  The roundtable focused not only on what research the academy wanted, but what research our Communities and Peoples needed. 

The Future Fellowship program is highly competitive and aimed at building the careers and research trajectory of mid-career researchers.  I knew I had developed an application that could support edifying transformation for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples across gender, Indigeneity and representation, by measuring and demonstrating our strength, diversity, humour, agency and engagement. The project would amplify the voice of queer Mob, and would do it on an Indigenous-authored platform (IndigenousX).  I thought it was important research across my field, but was aware that that isn’t always enough to secure funding.  

I didn’t get the Future Fellowship.  In the assessment of it I had received very positive feedback with high scores. This happens, others scored higher than me and their programs were no doubt better expressed or pitched.  I’ve applied for ARC grants before, gotten some and not gotten others, this is how it goes.  Again, sometimes you get the funding, other times you don’t, and if it’s important enough then you make it happen any other way you can and you keep applying. 

I heard the outcome several weeks before the announcement and I also moved on to rework the application in the hope that it might be more favourable in 2020. The Future Fellowship isn’t a project, it’s a suite of strategies to undertake research. In the coming year this researcher, known as a Chief Investigator (CI), accounts for 50% (40% in the previous round) of the assessed value of the project, demonstrating that who leads it is the most important part of the application.  It is their effort, their work and their leadership that is primarily being funded, and it is their career and capacity that is being supported and built through it.  

Moving on from getting a knock-back was easy this year. Because of the roundtable last year, it was clear that there had been a major shift in the way that the ARC approaches the assessment and eligibility of Indigenous applicants.  The roundtable had made clear the importance of Indigenous participation across schemes. I was positive that, after getting good reviews from the ARC review panel, that if I didn’t get funded, it would be because other Indigenous-led projects that rated higher, would. 

I was sure that of the 100 applicants that one of two things would happen, either they would appoint Indigenous Fellows to projects that could transform, or – sadly – there would be no Indigenous-focused projects and we would have to redouble our efforts to lift up suitable researchers through the strategies the roundtable suggested, and get them funded.  I didn’t for a moment think that of four projects (a fifth including Indigenous content) would have a focus on Indigenous Peoples and Communities, with no Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander Chief Investigators.  

List of 2019 Future Fellowships

In spite of the recommendations of increasing Indigenous researchers and research across this mid-career funding and ensuring that projects have Indigenous researchers attached to them, the ARC still hasn’t addressed this. You can still apply for a single researcher role like the Future Fellow of $600,000-1 million funding, and non-Indigenous researchers can get funding to develop their expertise across Indigenous areas. 

When the list of successful fellows was released in mid-October, it wasn’t clear if any were Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander researchers.  So, I contacted the ARC and asked them how many Indigenous researchers were awarded Future Fellows.  Their official response was: 

The ARC does not currently require applicants in the Future Fellowships scheme to identify if they are of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander descent. 

Therefore the ARC is unable to advise if any of the successful applicants for the Future Fellowships scheme are Indigenous.

Official communication from the ARC Stakeholder Relations to A/Prof Sandy O’Sullivan, 17thOctober 2019

This is surprising, because while there was no explicit sense of what they would do if the numbers were low or non-existent (as they are here), their own reporting suggests that: 

The ARC monitors the funding outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander researchers and research in each selection round.

ARC Statement of Support and Action Plan 2018-2019: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Researchers and Research

There are numerous other mentions of measurement suggested across all aspects of this strategy, but it seems that they have no way of actually carrying out this monitoring. 

I asked if I could speak to someone from the ARC, and to their absolute credit, they took an hour out to talk to me. As far as they knew I could have been disgruntled about not getting funding, but they also understood my specific concerns about the round and answered very clearly that nothing had changed in the 10 years that the Future Fellow scheme had operated.  The roundtable had no effect on it, and they had not (in 2019) tracked Indigeneity as a marker.  They were able to confirm something, that by this time (a few days later) I had already ascertained due to responses from senior Aboriginal researchers across the country… of the 100 appointed fellows, none of them identified as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander.   This was never released with the information about the projects. 

I then asked what had come of the recommendations, and what impact this would have in the 2020 applications. This was essential because in the day between contacting the ARC and having the conversation, I had received six messages from past unsuccessful Indigenous applicants into the program, with three of them having received very high scores in their feedback (this is often associated with successful applications).  So, I specifically asked about changes to ROPE, the Research Opportunity and Performance Evidenceaspect of an application, where changes were flagged as a part of the official 2018 recommendation from the ARC response to the roundtable: 

  • Review the operation of ROPE to ensure that criteria to support Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander researchers are effective and well understood.

ROPE is a measure that provides an opportunity to explain the context of the work and any interruptions or special circumstances for the researcher in their research trajectory.  The fundamental implications of being an Indigenous researcher in the Western academy that were shown in the report, including community, industry and academic burdens that our non-Indigenous colleagues do not face at the same level, seem to have been dismissed or not included when it comes to mid-career development, and this could in some way be addressed with the ROPE if changes were made to it. 

Their response was that I should read the requirements carefully, but as in all aspects of the Future Fellowship application, no changes were made as a part of the multiple strategies (found here), to ROPE or any other aspect of the application.  They did not, or have not yet, followed their own adopted recommendations. 

The roundtable that formed this and other recommendations, was made up of brilliant Indigenous academics and researchers. As a cohort they know the implications of research on our Communities and the implications of what happens when we are not in researcher numbers and what happens for Communities when they are only being engaged by non-Indigenous researchers. This is why they took the time out of their ridiculously busy schedules to do this (unfunded) work for the ARC.  To have it ignored and to fail to even understand the measures for which they have agreed is a slap in their face.   

I wasn’t the only one surprised by this. When it was tweeted, I had several hundred initial retweets that resulted in tens of thousands of ontweets and responses.  The theme was consistent that those responding found it hard to believe this was still happening in 2019.

I should say here, that it’s considered poor-form (or at least an unwritten rule) to mention when you’re unsuccessful in funding.  It apparently isn’t good for building your academic brand. Like many of us, I’m less worried about my academic brand, than I am about the truth in where funding is going and who is benefiting from this funding.  The Future Fellowship funding is not just about growing meaningful research, it’s specifically about growing an academic workforce.   And we’re typically – and in this year, fully – missing from it. 

 

My name is Sandy O'Sullivan. I'm a Wiradjuri person, and I've been an academic for 27 years - and a researcher for about 13 years. I'm an Associate Professor and the Deputy Head of School of Creative Industries at the University of the Sunshine Coast. I work across gender, sexuality and Indigeneity and my work focuses on creative practice and the ways in which positive modelling can effect change.

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